Racial discrimination in the workplace is illegal. But you would be surprised to know that it is practiced in several organizations.
Various crimes related to racial discrimination take place at the work, such as harassment, assault, criminal damage, distress, and more.
What is Racial Discrimination?
Racial discrimination, also known as race discrimination is the practice of favoring one person over the other. This favoritism is because of their color, nationality, race, ethnic origin, and immigration status. Based on such factors the individual is treated unfairly and unequally.
For example, if a real estate agent or a broker refuses to rent a house to an individual because of this racial background or skin color, then this is called ‘direct discrimination.’
Any policy that fails to maintain equality among people of various groups, colors, genders and religion also comes under racial discrimination. This type of racial discrimination is known as indirect discrimination.
For example, if an organization states a policy that employees are not allowed to wear hats at work then this is a form of indirect discrimination.
Types of Racial Discrimination at Workplace:
Primarily, there can be 3 types of racial discrimination in the workplace.
1. Disparate Race Discrimination:
This is a form of discrimination when an employer treats an employee differently and unequally as compared to other employees in a similar situation. This form of discrimination must not be practiced in the workplace.
For example, there is one employee John from African America, and another employee Albert from America. Both of them go out for lunch and get back to work a little late.
The boss is waiting for both but he leaves Albert with a warning, while fires John straight away from the job.
If the reason to fire John is simply that he is black, then this is racial discrimination. But if John has been fired because he has practiced the same for few times even before then this is legal.
2. Discrimination due to Impact:
This is another racial discrimination where an employer differentiates among employees through policy or practice. The policy can be related to promotion, employment, or any other vital aspect.
For example, Anna Bean an owner of a restaurant won’t hire staff members till they have a high school degree. If this group affects one group more than the other then this is a situation of disparate impact.
3. Racial Hostile Work Condition:
This is one practice where racist jokes, racial slurs, abusive comments, and all sorts of offensive behaviors are involved just because of the pervasive, unwanted, and severe behaviors that may affect the quality of performance and life at work.
Racial Discrimination Examples:
1. Charles l. Walker:
Charles l. Walker in 1999, experienced segregated bathrooms and ‘white-only’ water showers while growing in his native region West Virginia. He confirmed that the worst racism he experienced was being a mechanic at the American Airlines at the International Airport of Los Angeles.
Also, Walker was greeted with a handwritten letter stating ‘All Blacks Must Die’ when he stepped into the maintenance facility toilet in 1996. Later he identified his name written and scrawled on the walls of the toilet along with a depiction of himself with words like N*gger written under the head.
He complained with the Department of Fair Employment and Housing of the state in 1997. But the team was not able to identify the perpetrator. Later, he filed a lawsuit against the organization, which was settled out of the court in October 1999 through an undisclosed amount.
2. Harold H. Archuleta:
Another example of racism was experienced by Harold H. Archuleta, a mixture of Native American and Mexican heritage.
He filed a complaint against American Airlines in 2000 for inappropriate and immediate termination. The same complained about violations of aircraft safety rules as well as supporting Charles L. Walker against the racial discriminations in the previous year.
Mr. Harold was a mechanic for an organization and claimed that when he was fired in May 1998, he witnessed three nooses at the maintenance department he worked. Even the company did not take any measures to prevent discrimination from happening. The first noose was identified in the area where the company used to offer time cards. Another was in front of the department of production control, and the third noose was identified when he was on his way to file a complaint. The case was however dismissed in the year 2005.
3. Elijah Turley:
This is one of the recent examples of racial discrimination where an American African processor working at the ArcelorMittal’s Buffalo, New York steel plant was gifted $25 million after various incidents of hate from 2005 to 2008, which left him with emotional and physical distress.
Mr. Elijah witnessed a stuffed monkey with a noose around the neck of the mirror of one side of the car. There was ‘KKK’ written on the plant’s walls that were closed in 2009.
The jury announced a unanimous decision after a trial of three weeks. This was a painful situation for Mr. Turley where he experienced taunts and the organization was deemed liable for creating a hostile work environment even though they confirmed that they have taken adequate steps to combat the harassment.
4. Wayne A. Elliott:
The story of Wayne A. Elliott is almost similar to the story of Mr. Walker. He was a Martin employee who was shifted from a factory job to a warehouse job in Marietta, Georgia when he was taunted immensely by his white colleagues.
The taunting first started with anti-black graffiti on the restroom walls. He along with two other employees created a small group in 1997 known as Workers against Discrimination.
As per Mr. Elliott, a noose occurred near his table in 1999 with threatening to a white colleague. In 2001, Elliott stated that he was hassled by his colleagues by unplugging his computer, hiding his chair or bike and performing similar constant things.
5. Joseph Banks:
Joseph Banks was another employee at the Lockheed Martin who was among the 7 other employees who filed a lawsuit in May 2000 for getting excluded from the process of promotion. The individuals also claimed that the organization failed to thoroughly identify a series of racial discrimination harassments.
Mr. Banks stated that a noose was placed in his work area. He complained about the same to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Once he filed the complaint then another employee of Lockheed Martin, Mr. Ted Gignilliat filed the complaint of witnessing the noose.
6. Josephine Harper:
She had been working as a caring professional at Housing 21 which is a retirement housing association for some time. After some time she realized that she will have a novel line manager, Nicola James in 2011.
Soon there was an immense personality clash with Ms. Harper complaining that Ms. James analyzed her work more rigorously as compared to others in the team and her hours of work were reduced without any explanation.
Ms. Harper was an Irish and she claimed that she was a victim to taunts of Ms. James being a funny accent titled as Irish Gypsy.
Ms. Harper took sick leave and issued a grievance about the comments of her nationality. Eventually, Ms. Harper resigned from the job hearing that soon her position will become completely untenable. Soon the court settled the case confirming the claims for race-related harassment, racial discrimination, and constructive dismissal.
7. Marcel Espiritu:
Marcel Espiritu was a Filipino American employee who filed a complaint in January 1999 against Northwest Airlines. The complaint was against the 5 years hateful comments from colleagues and supervisors about ethnicity and language.
He filed the complaint in 1996 under the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission when he witnessed a noose in his locker at the San Francisco International Airport.
During the case, the court identified that Northwest had disciplined few employees for using unacceptable accent and language to Mr. Espiritu and was needed to undergo training and counseling. Northwest denied any incorrect and wrongdoing settlement out of the court for avoiding expensive litigation.
8. D Brown:
He was a black colored pub worker in London who was awarded a huge compensation for damaging her feelings with race harassment. The condition occurred after an employment tribunal identified that his manager, Mr. Gavriloae told him that he appeared like a pimp for adorning the St. Patrick’s Day promotional hat.
How to Prevent Racism in the Workplace:
Racism at the workplace gives rise to an unhealthy environment which comprises of
- Potentially violence or legal action
If racial discrimination at the workplace is going on, then even top performing employees will not receive the success they deserve.
This leads to a lot of negativity at the workplace and moreover, it also effects the productivity of the organization.
The best thing you can do is ending racism before it can effect the whole organization completely.
Ways to Solve Racism:
- Create an anti discriminatory policy regarding racism and the consequences of them at the workplace.
- Create a diverse workforce and share the policy about racism to every employee
- Employee promotion or rewards should be purely based on their performance and merit.
- Train employee how to prevent discrimination and racism at the workplace.
- Create a committee that focuses on anti-racism projects in the workplace
- Organize team building and brainstorming sessions to value ideas
- Treating all cases of racial discrimination as per the policy created.
- The communication process should be simple and transparent with the employees.
- Develop an anonymous reporting system that helps employees to report racism without fear
Forms of Racial Discrimination:
Racial discrimination in the workplace can be subtle. This happens in most of the cases and you will never even know that this is happening.
You need to do a detailed analysis of the things, only then you will be able to find such outrageous things going on.
Some of the forms of racial discrimination cases,
- Inquiring about race during an interview
- Firing someone based on race
- Pay difference for the employee because of race
- Segregating employees
8 Strategies to Eliminate Discrimination in the Workplace:
Employers are responsible to look after the safety and welfare of your employees at the workplace.
Discrimination can be defined as considering an individual or group less favorably when compared to other person or group due to some unusual attributes or characteristics. These mainly include a person’s:
- religious belief
- marital status
- political belief or activity
- impairment or disability (whether temporary or permanent); etc
8 Ways to Stop Discrimination in Your Workplace:
- Teach all your employee about discrimination
- React immediately to any evidence or complaints of inappropriate behavior
- Handle all complaints of discrimination promptly and confidentially
- Ensure that the workplace policy is properly implemented
- Create a workplace policy that prevents discrimination
- Motivate workers to respect others differences
- Train managers on responding to discrimination at work
- Evaluate the policy regularly to ensure that its effectiveness is maintained.
Ways to Avoid Racial Discrimination at Workplace:
It is always better to prevent the situation from occurring than taking measures after it has happened. Hence, few ways can be adopted to avoid racial discrimination from occurring at work.
1. Write down a Specific Anti-Discrimination Policy:
Make sure your workplace has a clear policy about anti-discrimination and anti-racism. The policy must specify practices that must not be followed in the workplace. This also includes consequences for actions of racism in the work area.
2. Hire Employees Belonging to Different Ethnic Groups and Races:
Make sure you have a diversified workforce including employees from various regions and areas. You may also inform the job candidates about your anti-racism and anti-discrimination policy before hiring them. Every employee working in your organization must be aware of your policy and practice it on thorough grounds.
3. Employees Must be Promoted based on the Basis of their Performance:
You must offer your employees with promotions and appreciations based on their performance and not based on their race or color.
Only relevant factors must be considered when offering promotion and advantages to employees. This will establish a system of equality and fair promotion within the organization. As a result, all your employees will feel valued.
4. Establish a Workplace Committee focusing on Anti-Racism Projects:
Your workplace must have an established committee that focuses purely on racism and discrimination issues practiced in the workplace. The committee must be able to address all the issues and find appropriate solutions for the same.
5. Encourage Open Communication Among Employees:
If you want all your employees to feel valued and offer them an equal platform for work then make sure you offer them an open communication platform. Your employees must possess the freedom to communicate on racism or any discrimination if they are experiencing in the workplace.
Racial discrimination is an illegal practice. Be it the workplace, school, society, or any other area it must be avoided at any cost. Hence, if you want your workplace to have a healthy and positive environment then make sure it is free from racial discrimination.