What Do You Mean By Foreign Labor Resource?
Foreign labor resource is a term for foreign workers. Foreign workers are the people who emigrate from one country to the other for employment purposes. The idea of a migrant is not limited to someone who shifts from one place to another outside the country.
Migration, which takes place within the same country, can also come under immigrant labor. This immigration mainly occurs in search of job opportunities that are better in other places than in the home country.
These labors reside for a temporary period and usually deposit their salary back in their country.
Is There a Shortage of Skilled Workers?
A skilled worker is a person with a specific skill, which is a result of training and knowledge. Obtaining a specific skill is a tough task. However, skill doesn’t need to be learned at a college institute or training sessions. Skill can be self-learned also.
Skilled Labors and workers who have a great demand in the market. Skilled workers are of great use in the market for most jobs. Due to the retiring stage of the baby boomers, skilled labors have been a recurring issue for employers all around the world.
Also, the demand for skilled labors by employers is another aspect that calls onto the foreign labor resource. The intensity of foreign labor resources has increased rapidly in the decade. More and more people migrate with the same motive.
Countries like the United States, United Kingdom, United Arab Emirates, etc. see a fair share of migrants every year. Asian countries like India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Philippines, Vietnam, etc. are not far behind in this case.
These foreign labors come along with various advantages and disadvantages for the employer or the country. The advantages may be to both the countries i.e. the country of the immigrant and the country where he works, are benefited.
There is a long list of advantages and advantages, which we will follow in this article. So let us have a close look at the list of advantages and disadvantages of hiring foreign labors first in tabular form.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Hiring Foreign Workers:
Steps to Take When You Want to Hire Foreign Employees:
If you want to survive in the international market, it is good to hire foreign employees (who know the working conditions, local market and can speak the local language) working for your organization. But the complexities of getting immigration especially in countries like the US, UK, etc is not so easy.
Now if you are looking for building a global workforce for your organization then below are 5 points which you need to look upon
- Start the process early
- Mandatory preparation needs to be done within the company
- Select a suitable immigration process
- For specific visas and petition programs, click on the following links:
- Extraordinary Ability
- H-1B Visa Sponsorship
- J-1 Visa
- L-1A and L-1B Visas
- National Interest Waiver
- Student Exchange and Visitor Programs
5. Get the certification from the labor department
6. Petition USCIS for visas
If you are looking to immigrate to a country like the USA, make sure you follow all the rules properly to avoid any kind of immigration complexities. The immigration laws of the united states are very strict and they always try to bring in the best and qualified employees into their country.
How do I hire a temporary foreign worker?
Before hiring a temporary foreign worker to your organization, you need to follow 3 basic steps, they are
- Getting an LMIA or provide an employment offer
- Your worker need to apply for a work permit
- Explain to the worker what they would get from their application.
Getting an LMIA or provide an employment offer:
Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)is an assessment that checks whether there is a requirement for the job you are offering and is there any worker available to do it.
The other option is to provide an employment offer, you can do this by paying the compliance fee using the employer portal. By this, you get an employment number to offer.
Your worker needs to apply for a work permit:
When you get the employment offer number, you need to give it to the worker so that he can apply for the work permit.
Explain to the worker what they would get from their application:
Once the work permit approved, the worker will receive an introduction letter. The original work permit will be provided when he arrives at the actual location.
Laws & Regulations related to hiring foreign workers :
- 20 CFR 655 – Temporary Employment of Aliens in the United States
- 20 CFR 656 – Labor Certification Process for Permanent Employment of Aliens In the United States
The Advantages of Hiring Foreign Workers (to the countries and the employer):
The following are the benefits that the employer, as well as the host country, gets on hiring a foreign talent as the company’s labor resource.
1. Foreign labor is cheaper than the local (domestic help) is:
Economically stronger countries have comparatively greater job opportunities. These opportunities attract the workers as if flowers lure the honeybees. Let me simplify through a simple example of the flowers. Flowers need a pollination process through the bees to keep on growing and blooming. At the same time, the bees need the flowers’ nectar for making honey.
Similarly, the bees are the foreign labors that need a job (income) aka honey. The flowers are the industries that require skilled bees to keep the market going. Well, let me get to the point. No job opportunities and ones’ country drives him or her to the other. The urgent need for income makes them start at any rate.
As a result, the employer gets cheaper labor resource and it indirectly profits the country in developing its production or business in the international market.
2. Trained and/or experienced potential workers to choose from:
The baby boomer generation is gradually retiring. As a result, the previously handled position of the baby boomers stays vacant due to a lack of experience in the present generation.
This intensifies the demand for skilled labors in various fields. This demand has been getting higher at a huge rate in the decade. As a result, employers look forward to hiring skilled labors from various countries.
People who are in search of jobs have a great invitation for the opportunity here. These skilled labors are mostly trained within the country from where they migrated. On the other hand, they might know their skills well due to experience also.
Due to the huge amount of people searching for a job, employers get an abundance of choices to select the best from the lot. Also, as the first point highlights, these employees are hired at a cheaper rate, which profits the employer in the overall turnover of the company. Thus, this is certainly one great profitable aspect for the employer of foreign workers.
3. Unwanted domestic job vacancies filled with foreign workers:
There is a huge requirement for the skillful labors. Cities or countries with an abundance of job opportunities rarely have ‘unemployed skilled labors’. As a result, there are several opportunities for job seekers.
Moreover, they have great options laid in front of them, from which they can choose the better option. Well, this choosing thing makes it impossible for odd job vacancies to fill. Jobs at odd hours or the anti-social hours are among them too.
Working in remote regions is another thing from which the people try to stay away. This is due to the lack of modern technology and facilities in the area. Thus, these enterprises opt for foreign talents to make their way in these jobs such as hotel staff, construction, etc.
Let me sum up with one example. You reside in your country and you have three job options. One is at a huge enterprise with a 9-5 job, while another one is in a remote area (which might need you to travel all the way there or shift from the city), and last is a night shift at a call center. What would you choose? Of course, option one. That is because it is more convenient to you.
Thus, the other two enterprises might have to look for people who can work willingly. That is where the foreign workers bless them with work done at a cheaper cost.
4. Higher country economy (of the hiring country) – GDP:
The benefit of the country lies within the development of its enterprises and organizations. This is impossible without the interference of foreign workers.
Foreign workers work in the various sectors of the companies to earn their living. This makes them willing enough to work for the companies’ benefit. That indirectly boosts the economy of the company and the country on a whole.
Therefore, hiring foreign labor is a boon in disguise for the country’s GDP i.e. the Gross Development Product.
5. Connections matter a lot in the business sector, and foreign workers’ are the connection:
Employers who wish to expand their reach by expanding the company in other countries enjoy the benefits of contacts. They also come to know about the market and its demand. Therefore, employing foreign workers can give an inside idea of the industry and its developing stage. Moreover, it gives the essential contacts in the other country to begin any industry.
Also, they aid in overseas business ventures. Moreover, this also helps in cultural understanding and better representation of oneself in another market. After all, it always proves to be beneficial to have extra internal help.
6. Eases the ‘Training facilities’ for the local or domestic workers:
Training facilities are very important for the employees. Skills are not always opted through colleges, and institutions. Work experience cannot always polish the skills of workers and thus they need a little guidance in the form of correct training. These training facilities can cost a lot to employers.
As a result, they hire skilled workers. However, when it is impossible to obtain a large number of skilled labors, they hire a few and ask those to train the others. Foreign workers have a diverse knowledge of things compared to the locals; as a result, employers get good talent at less expense.
7. Safe option against discrimination laws:
Discrimination is an age-old issue. Thus, it calls for adequate laws and regulations against it. In the present year, several laws have been passed against discrimination. The industrial sector, as well as the education sector, has to abide by these rules.
In such a condition, hiring foreign workers is the safest option. Their diverse culture and skills differentiate them from the rest. This undoubtedly saves the employer from any action (taken against the employer) regarding the discrimination law.
8. Availability of more remittance for the workers’ origin country (foreign countries):
What do you mean by remittance? Remittance refers to the act of sending money from one place to another (to the person at the other place). The people, who work in different countries i.e. away from the homeland and/or the family, perform the task of sending money.
Many countries like the USA, UK, UAE, etc. have innumerable labor guests in their country. These legal or illegal labor guests send their salaries back home. Therefore, most of the origin countries collect major foreign currency through the act of remittance.
Therefore, it also benefits the origin country in the task. This helps the origin country to boost economic status. As a result, there is a significant development in the origin country.
Therefore, we can conclude that there is an innumerable benefit to companies, employers, economies, countries, and people. However, it would be an insane decision to merely study the advantages of foreign labors and dig into investing in them. There are undeniable disadvantages to hiring foreign workers too. Let us have a detail look on it too.
Disadvantages of Hiring Foreign Workers:
1. Acceptance from the local employees:
Accepting someone from a different culture or ethical motive can be difficult. Especially in the workplace, cultural diversity is a huge issue. For example, if your workplace includes local workers of the same culture, it becomes easier for them to understand each other. As a result, they, working together is not much of a hassle.
However, if you insert one person from different cultural and ethical background, present workers might put on their guards and not cooperate with the new addition. Therefore, employers must invest in programs that include training for a diverse environment. This can be the only solution to promote a healthy work environment.
2. Absence or lack of lingua franca i.e. the common language:
The language barrier or the lack of lingua franca is a great barrier to the progress of any industry. In most countries, people are highly educated and well trained but they barely know English.
English, is a common language, is used for trading as well as other works. Thus, if an employer decides to hire a foreign worker from another country then he or she must have to invest in ‘language’ i.e. English speaking courses for the candidate. As the language barrier may not only affect the comfort level of the candidate but also can create unnecessary trouble.
3. Negligence towards the local public and local talents:
The idea of hiring foreign talent seems so luring and profit-friendly to entrepreneurs (as well as the government) that the local talent faces huge difficulties in finding a proper job. As a result, more and more cases of unemployment occur.
Fact: Most crimes are a result of long-term unemployment. Thus, unemployment is the root of crimes and employment is the way to eradicate it.
4. Not all foreign workers are talented (fake talents):
Hiring foreign talent is a great idea as long as you are aware of the person’s ability and capability. Some people may fake their qualifications and you might not even be able to make out (the fakeness of it). As a result, employing a less qualified person will affect the business and in the longer run, it will affect the country’s economy.
Instead of providing opportunities to foreign labors, if you hire local talents they would have provided better results.
5. Lack of dedication and commitment:
Dedication and commitment are another set of issue that arises with the employment of foreign workers. There is a possibility that you hire a qualified person. As a result, you readily invest in the English classes and visa along with the settlement, etc.
After a certain period if the person decides to quit, then your investment goes in vain. Moreover, foreign workers may need longer holidays as they travel back to their country and get back.
There are several more points that can be laid out to debate over the boon and bane of hiring foreign workers. However, it is a subjective decision that has various aspects. One needs to consider all the aspects cleverly and make a decision that fits well for your company.